House Music History
  > Electronic Music History > House Music History
    ELECTRONIC MUSIC                
    > Late 19th cent. early
    20th cent.
    > 1940s to 1950s
    > 1960s to late 1970s
    > Late 1970s to late
    > 1980s to early 2000s
  House music, techno, electro and hip hop musicians owe their existence to the pioneers of analogue and sample based keyboards like the Moog and Mellotron that enabled a wizardry of sounds to exist, available at the touch of a button or key.  
  Although most people perceive house music to have originated from Donna Summer's "I Feel Love", fully formed electronic music tracks actually came before house. Early American Sci-Fi films and the BBC Soundtrack to popular television series Doctor Who stirred a whole generation of techno music lovers like the space rock generation during the 1970s, influenced by the psychedelic music sound of the late 1960s and bands such as Pink Floyd, Soft Machine, Amon Duul, Crazy World of Arthur Brown, and the so- called Krautrock early electronic scene (Tangerine Dream and Klause Schulze). Shunned by many as a "gimmick" or "childrens music", it was a genre similar and parallel to the Kosmiche Rock scene in Germany. Space rock is characterized by the use of spacial and floating backgrounds, mantra loops, electronic sequences, and futuristic effects over Rock structures. Some of the most representative artists were Steve Hillage's Gong and Hawkwind.  
    > Post-rave fusions
    > Growing commercial
    > Styles of ambient :
   * Organic ambient music
   * Nature inspired
     ambient music
   * Isolationist ambient 
   * Ambient electronic
   * Ambient dub
   * Ambient groove
  Kraftwerk's 1970 classic "Ruckzuck" mixed live instruments with electric that culminated in a monotomous epic of bass, wild drums and strange sound effects. Pink Floyd's 1971 album, Dark Side of the Moon, was highly influential on acid house with steady beats and Moog flurries.  
  The mid-1970s saw a spattering of techno- inspired music usually through ambitious producers wishing to experiment with Moog and Mellotron type keys on more conventional rock bands such as Steve Miller's 1975 track "Fly like an Eagle" which was later heavily sampled by Nightmares on Wax in 1990.  
  The late-1970s saw disco utilise the (by then) much developed electronic sound and a limited genre emerged, appealing mainly to a gay and/or black audience, it crossed-over into mainstream American culture following the hit 1977 film Saturday Night Fever.  
    As disco clubs filled there was a move to larger venues. "Paradise Garage" opened in New York in January 1978, featuring the DJ talents of Larry Levan (1954 - 1992). Studio 54, another New York disco club, was extremely popular. The clubs played the tunes of groups like The Supremes, Anita Ward, Donna Summer and Larry Levan's own hit "I Got My Mind Made Up". Drugs including LSD, poppers and quaaludes boosted the stamina of the clubbers. The disco boom was short-lived. There was a backlash from Middle America, epitomised in Chicago radio DJ Steve Dahl's "Disco Demolition Night" in 1979. Disco returned to the smaller clubs like the Warehouse in Chicago.  
    > History
    > Musicology
         HOUSE MUSIC    
    > Late 1960s to early
    > Early 1980s-Late
    1980s : Chicago years
    > Late 1980s-Early
    1990s : British
    > Social aspects of
    > Late 1980s to early
    1990s : United States
    > Early 1990s to mid
    1990s : " Summer Love"
    > Mid-1990s & beyond
    > The rise of the UK 
  Opened in 1977 the Warehouse in Chicago was a key venue in the development of House music. The main DJ was Frankie Knuckles. The club staples were still the old disco tunes but the limited number of records meant that the DJ had to be a creative force, introducing more deck work to revitalise old tunes. The new mixing skills also had local airplay with the Hot Mix 5 at WBMX. The chief source of this kind of records in Chicago was the record-store "Imports Etc." where the term House was introduced as a shortening of Warehouse (as in these records are played at the Warehouse).  
  Despite the new skills the music was still essentially disco until the early 1980s when the first drum machines were introduced. Disco tracks could now be given an edge with the use of a mixer and drum machine. This was an added boost to the prestige of the individual DJs.  


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